No Bosnian documents from the late 13th and early 14th Century have survived. Ethno-social occurrences from that time period thus stay outside a historian's view, but at the time when Bosnia, under Ban Stjepan II Kotromanic entered a phase of territorial expansion and social growth, the concepts of national consciousness became more complex and with new factors added to the mix. The first item to be noted is the use of the Bosnian name in the 14th and 15th Century. The name is used in Cyrillic documents of medieval Bosnia, in Latin scripts about the "Bosnian church" and the notaries of Dalmatian towns. But in each of those three instances, the Bosnian name pertains to a different group, every one of them is indicating a separate level of national consciousness. What was the role and purpose of the Bosnian name?
In a medieval Blitzkrieg, during May and June, after almost eight decades of systematic devastation and conquest, the Turks have conquered Bosnian kingdom.
After they have promised a fifteen years long armistice to the emissaries of the Bosnian king Stjepan Tomasevic, huge Turkish army numbering about 150.000 men has during the first half of May departed from Drinopolje and through Skoplje, Kosovo and Sjenica slashed through the borders of Bosnian kingdom, and through Podrinje has broken into the central and upper Bosnia. The fortress of Bobovac, besieged on May 19, has capitulated to the Turks on May 21. In front of the danger from the Turks, king Tomasevic has sheltered himself in Jajce, wherefrom he started for Croatia, hoping to raise some help, but he was besieged in Kljuc on the river of Sana.
Early Medieval Age: Birth of a Region (600 - 1180)
VII. cent. -1463
The arrival and settling of Slavs in the region of the present-day Bosnia-Herzegovina. During that period, the Slavs have, following the assimilation of Celts, Illyrians and Romans they\'ve came across, accepted Christianity and, along with the developement of their own cultural and artistic expression, formed political institutions and, finally, their own state.
Yugoslavia as the federal communist state.
The basic characteristics of this period are:
- absolute authority of the Communist Party, especially President Tito and his subordinate inner circle
- many social, political and economical reforms ("self-menangement"), whereby they wanted to make the country functional and people "satisfied" - not questioning the ruling communist dogma
- steering a middle course after the break with Stalin's SSSR, Yugoslavia became a "ratified country" for both opposite blocks as a desirable buffer zone. Also, it became unprecedentedly involved in the international affairs, especially through the Non-alignment movement.
- development from the rigid centralism to the growing federalism and confederalism of the state in oreder to to alleviate interethnic tensions and to preserve the country in tolerably functional form. Culmination of such attempts is the 1974 Constitution.
- after the death of Tito, the absolute arbiter, the Presidency came to power. The Presidency, consisting of the representatives of all 6 republics and 2 autonomous provinces rotated the leadership every year to avoid possible ethnic/national majorization
- under the pressure of great financial obligations, old-fashioned economical and political organization as well as radicalization of the inter-ethnic/national relationships caused by the great Serbian movement, Yugoslavia fell to pieces in 1991.