(December 20, 1852,Keszthely, Hungary – January 13, 1897, Vienna)
David Schwarz (December 20, 1852,Note a Keszthely, HungaryNote b – January 13, 1897, Vienna) was a Croatian aviation pioneer of Hungarian-Jewish descent.[foot 1]
Schwarz created the first flyable rigid airship. It was also the first airship with an external hull made entirely of metal. He died before he could see it finally fly. Sources claimed that Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin purchased the patent from his widow, but Hugo Eckener disputed this.
David Schwarz was the son of Jewish parents. He was a wood merchant and spent most of his life in Zagreb, then part of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia, Austro-Hungarian Empire, now Croatia.
Although Schwarz had no special technical training, he busied himself with technology and developed improvements for woodcutting machinery.
Photo of Slavoljub Eduard Penkala, inventor of the mechanical pencil and the fountain pen; photo taken in 1920.
Slavoljub Eduard Penkala
(April 20, 1871 – February 5, 1922)
Slavoljub Eduard Penkala (April 20, 1871 – February 5, 1922) was a naturalized Croatian engineer and inventor of Polish-Dutch ethnicity from the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia in Austria-Hungary and later the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
A portrait of Boskovic, published in Milano in 1818 in a collection of famous people living between 18th century the beginning of the 19th.
Ruđer Josip BoškovićBorn 18 May 1711 (1711-05-18)
Dubrovnik, Republic of Ragusa (today Croatia)
Died 13 February 1787 (aged 75)
Milan, Duchy of Milan
Residence Dubrovnik, Rome, Venice, Paris, Istanbul, Milan, Bassano
Fields Theology, Physics, Astronomy, Mathematics, Natural philosophy, Diplomacy, Poetry
Institutions Brera Observatory, University of Pavia
Alma mater Pontifical Gregorian University
Known for precursor of the Atomic theory, founder of Brera Observatory
Ruđer Josip Bošković ( French: Roger Joseph Boskovich , Italian: Ruggero Giuseppe Boscovich , Latin: Rogerius Josephus Boscovich ) (18 May 1711 – 13 February 1787) was a theologian, physicist, astronomer, mathematician, philosopher, diplomat, poet, Jesuit, and a polymath from the city of Dubrovnik in the Republic of Ragusa (today in Croatia), who studied and lived in Italy and France.
He is famous for his atomic theory and made many important contributions to astronomy, including the first geometric procedure for determining the equator of a rotating planet from three observations of a surface feature and for computing the orbit of a planet from three observations of its position. In 1753 he also discovered the absence of atmosphere on the Moon.
The following is a list of Famous Croats from Bosnia and Herzegovina, prominent individuals who were Croatian citizens or of Croatian ancestry.