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LJUDEVIT GAJ (AUGUST 8, 1809  – APRIL 20, 1872) WAS A CROATIAN LINGUIST,[1] POLITICIAN, JOURNALIST AND WRITER. HE WAS ONE OF THE CENTRAL FIGURES OF THE CROATIAN NATIONAL REFORMATION, ALSO KNOWN AS THE ILLYRIAN MOVEMENT.

Ljudevit Gaj

(August 8, 1809  – April 20, 1872)

Croatian linguist, politician, journalist and writer

Ljudevit Gaj (August 8, 1809  – April 20, 1872) was a Croatian linguist,[1] politician, journalist and writer. He was one of the central figures of the Croatian national reformation, also known as the Illyrian Movement.

Contents

* Biography
* Death
* Linguistic legacy
* References

Biography

Gaj was born in Krapina (then in the Varaždin County, Austrian Empire, today Croatia). His birth name was Ludwig Gay[1] and he used it exclusively in his youth,[2] as his family was of German-Slovak descent living for several generations in the territory of Croatia in the Austrian Empire.[3]

He started publishing very early; his 36-page booklet on stately manors in his native district, written in his native German, appeared already in 1826 as Die Schlösser bei Krapina.[4][5]

In Buda in 1830 Gaj's Latin alphabet was published [6] ("Brief Basics of the Croatian-Slavonic Orthography"), which was the first common Croatian orthography book (after the works of Ignjat Đurđević and Pavao Ritter Vitezović). The book was printed bilingually, in Croatian and German. The Croatians used the Latin alphabet, but some of the specific sounds were not uniformly represented. Gaj followed the example of Pavao Ritter Vitezović and the Czech orthography, using one letter of the Latin script for each sound in the language. He used diacritics and the digraphs lj and nj.[citation needed]

The book helped Gaj achieve nationwide fame. In 1834 he succeeded where fifteen years before Đuro Matija Šporer had failed, i.e. obtaining an agreement from the royal government of the Habsburg Monarchy to publish a Croatian daily newspaper. He was known as an intellectual leader thereafter.[citation needed]

On January 6, 1835, Novine Horvatske ("The Croatian News") appeared, and on January 10, it got the literary addition Danica Horvatska, Slavonska i Dalmatinska ("The Croatian, Slavonian, and Dalmatian Daystar"). It was a big progress in realising the idea of marking the Croatian literature as unique. The "Novine Horvatske" were printed in Kajkavian dialect until the end of that year, while "Danica" was printed in Shtokavian dialect along with Kajkavian.[citation needed]

In early 1836 the publications' names were changed to Ilirske narodne novine ("The Illyrian People's News") and Danica ilirska ("The Illyrian Morning Star") respectively. This was because historians at the time hypothesised Illyrians had been Slavic and were the direct forefathers of the present-day South Slavs.

Aside from all this Gaj was a writer also. The most popular poem of that time was Još Horvatska ni propala ("Croatia is not in ruin yet"), written in 1833.

Death

Gaj died in Zagreb (then Austro-Hungary) at the age of 62.

Linguistic legacy

Gaj's Latin alphabet

The Latin alphabet used in the Croatian language is credited to Croats Gaj's Kratka osnova Hrvatskog pravopisa. The Bosnian alphabet, Serbian alphabet and Slovenian alphabet, introduced in the mid 1840s, is also a variation of Gaj's Latin alphabet (the only difference is the lack of the letters ć and đ).

LJUDEVIT GAJ (AUGUST 8, 1809  – APRIL 20, 1872) WAS A CROATIAN LINGUIST,[1] POLITICIAN, JOURNALIST AND WRITER. HE WAS ONE OF THE CENTRAL FIGURES OF THE CROATIAN NATIONAL REFORMATION, ALSO KNOWN AS THE ILLYRIAN MOVEMENT. STAMPS FAMOUS CROATS - LJUDEVIT GAJ VALUE:	5 KN AUTHOR:	HRVOJE ŠERCAR, PAINTER AND GRAPHIC DESIGNER, ZAGREB SIZE:	29,82 X 48,28 MM PAPER:	WHITE 102G, GUMMED PERFORATION:	COMB,14 TEHNIQUE:	MULTICOLOURED OFFSETPRINT PRINTED BY:	"ZRINSKI" - ČAKOVEC DATE OF ISSUE:	22.4.2009

LJUDEVIT GAJ, Zagreb

LJUDEVIT GAJ (AUGUST 8, 1809  – APRIL 20, 1872) WAS A CROATIAN LINGUIST,[1] POLITICIAN, JOURNALIST AND WRITER. HE WAS ONE OF THE CENTRAL FIGURES OF THE CROATIAN NATIONAL REFORMATION, ALSO KNOWN AS THE ILLYRIAN MOVEMENT. STAMPS FAMOUS CROATS - LJUDEVIT GAJ VALUE:	5 KN AUTHOR:	HRVOJE ŠERCAR, PAINTER AND GRAPHIC DESIGNER, ZAGREB SIZE:	29,82 X 48,28 MM PAPER:	WHITE 102G, GUMMED PERFORATION:	COMB,14 TEHNIQUE:	MULTICOLOURED OFFSETPRINT PRINTED BY:	"ZRINSKI" - ČAKOVEC DATE OF ISSUE:	22.4.2009

Stamps
FAMOUS CROATS - LJUDEVIT GAJ
Value:    5 kn
Author:    Hrvoje Šercar, painter and graphic designer, Zagreb
Size:    29,82 x 48,28 mm
Paper:    white 102g, gummed
Perforation:    Comb,14
Tehnique:    Multicoloured Offsetprint
Printed by:    "Zrinski" - Čakovec
Date of issue:    22.4.2009

References

1. ^ a b According to Djuro Šurmin: Hrvatski preporod, vol I-II, Zagreb, 1903)[1], [2]
2. ^ "Koha Online Catalog MARC Details for Record No. 27429". Koha.ffzg.hr. 2008-10-17. http://koha.ffzg.hr/cgi-bin/koha/opac-MARCdetail.pl?biblionumber=27429. Retrieved 2010-05-02.
3. ^ Discourses of collective identity in Central and Southeast Europe (1770-1945), Vol. 2, by Balázs Trencsényi and Michal Kopeček
4. ^ "Koha Online Catalog: ISBD View". Koha.ffzg.hr. http://koha.ffzg.hr/cgi-bin/koha/opac-ISBDdetail.pl?biblionumber=27429. Retrieved 2010-05-02.
5. ^ Hrvatski Preporod - Google Књиге. Books.google.com. http://books.google.com/books?id=WpMU8MHJ8wIC&pg=PA121&lpg=PA121&dq=Die+Schloesser+bei+Krapina+%22ludwig+gay%22&source=bl&ots=c80TI7taId&sig=uyXW3xCxizOwoIl5TfYoR5VbF_4&hl=sr&ei=ltsOS-HJLIucnQO30qzcBQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CA4Q6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=&f=false. Retrieved 2010-05-02.
6. ^ Kratka osnova horvatsko-slavenskog pravopisanja

 

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