Saint Nikola TavelićBorn c. 1340
Died November 14, 1391
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church
Beatified 1889, Rome by Leo XIII
Canonized June 21, 1970, Rome by Paul VI
Feast November 14
Nikola Tavelić (c. 1340 – November 14, 1391) is a saint of the Catholic Church. This Franciscan missionary, who died a martyr's death in Jerusalem, was the first Croatian saint.
The courtyard of the former Sion Monastery of the Franciscan in Jerusalem, where St. Nikola lived.
The Franciscan Gerard Chalvet headed the monastery of Holy Salvation and saw their execution. Together with the Franciscan Martin from Šibenik, he sent a detailed report to Europe: Vatican, Leipzig, Šibenik and elsewhere. Nikola was celebrated as a martyr by Franciscans all over Europe, especially in Šibenik.
Five centuries later, in 1880, the bishop Antun Josip Fosco from Šibenik started the procedure for the Holy See to beatify Nikola Tavelić. It was done by a special decree of the pope Leo XIII for the Šibenik Diocese in 1889 and for the entire Franciscan Order in 1898. Two years later, the same thing was done for the Holy Land.
The cult of Nikola Tavelić grew between the world wars. He was canonized by the pope Paul VI in front of 20,000 Croats in Rome, on June 21, 1970.
The feast day of Saint Nikola Tavelić is November 14, though many sources on the internet give November 6.
Most churches built in his name are located in Croatia. Some of them are in Banjevci, Tomislavgrad, Cerovac, Lišani, Perković, Split, Vinjani, Zagreb, Rijeka and Županja. Churches abroad can be found in Hurlingham, Buenos Aires in Argentina, Montreal and Winnipeg in Canada, Melbourne and Sydney in Australia, and Manhattan in New York City.
* D. Mandić: Documenta maryrii beati Tavelic, Roma 1958;
* A. Crnica, Historico-iuridica dilucidatio vitae, martyrii et gloriae beati N. Tavelic, Roma 1958,